master's thesis
CHARD PRODUCTION (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. cicla) ON THE OPG ''BRKIĆ'' DONJI MIHOLJAC

Maja Kosanović (2015)
Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Poljoprivredni fakultet
Zavod za Bilinogojstvo
Metadata
TitleUZGOJ BLITVE (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. cicla) NA OPG ''BRKIĆ'' DONJI MIHOLJAC
AuthorMaja Kosanović
Mentor(s)Nada Parađiković (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Blitva (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. cicla) je zeljasta dvogodišnja biljka iz porodice Chenopodiaceae. Vrlo je prilagodljiva kultura uz koju se vežu dvije teorije od podrijetlu: prva teorija govori da je blitva s područja oko Sredozemnog mora odakle je proširena na zemlje Srednjeg istoka i Europe još u rimsko doba, dok druga kaže da je blitva proširena iz Kine u Japan oko 17. godine prije Krista. Iako je niske energetske vrijednosti, ima odličnu kombinaciju vitamina i minerala koji pozitivno djeluju na ljudski organizam. Cilj istraživanja bio je utvrditi način uzgoja presadnica, vrijeme sadnje i mjere njege kod uzgoja blitve. Istraživanje je provedeno tijekom perioda rujan-listopad 2014. godine na OPG „Brkić“ Donji Miholjac. Pokus je postavljen u negrijanom plasteniku za uzgoj presadnica. Istraživanje je provedeno na sorti srebrnolisna, najraširenijoj sorti u Hrvatskoj. Blitva je sijana u supstrat ORTOSEMINA-20 u polistirenske kontejnere s 209 sjetvenih mjesta te je dosegla veličinu za sadnju nakon 5 tjedana uzgoja. Tijekom istraživanja zabilježeni su sljedeći parametri: visina biljke bez supstrata, visina biljke sa supstratom, dužina korijena bez supstrata, količina vode za navodnjavanje, dnevne i noćne temperature u plasteniku za uzgoj presadnica te mjere njege presadnica. Ovo istraživanje presadnica blitve pokazalo je da je blitva vrlo prilagodljiva kultura s obzirom na temperaturne razlike tijekom uzgoja, da joj nije potrebno svakodnevno zalijevanje, te da je vrlo zahvalna za uzgoj u zaštićenim prostorima. Ovi skromni pokazatelji prilagodljivosti presadnica blitve mogu poslužiti kao smjernica u daljnjem istraživanju ove visokovrijedne kulture.
Keywordsseedling chard greenhouse morphological characteristis
Parallel title (English)CHARD PRODUCTION (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. cicla) ON THE OPG ''BRKIĆ'' DONJI MIHOLJAC
Committee MembersTomislav Vinković
Jasenka Ćosić
GranterSveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Poljoprivredni fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsZavod za Bilinogojstvo
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Vegetable Growing
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmePlant Production, specialization: Plant Production, Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Plant Selection and Seed Production, Plant Protection
Academic title abbreviationmag. ing. agr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-07-10
Parallel abstract (English)
Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. cicla) is an herbaceous biennial plant in the family Chenopodiaceae. It is highly adaptable culture on witch are related two theories about origin: the first theory suggests that the chard is from the area around the Mediterranean Sea from where it is expanded to the Middle East countries and Europe since Roman times, while the second says that the chard is expanded from China to Japan about 17 BC. Although it has the low energy value, it has an excellent combination of vitamins and minerals which have a positive effect on the human body. The aim was to determine the method of seedlings production, planting time and seedlings care. The study was conducted during the period September to October 2014 at OPG „Brkić“ Donji Miholjac. The experiment was set in the unheated greenhouse for seedlings. Inevestigation was carried out on swiss chard cord cultivar called Srebrnolisna, which is the most widespread cultivar in Croatia. Swiss chard is sown in ORTOSEMINA-20 supstrate in polysyrene containers with 209 planting sites and has reached planting size after 5 weeks of production. During the study following parameters were recorded: plant height without substrate, plant height with the substrate, root length without substrate, the amount of irrigation water, day and night temperatures in the greenhouse for seedlings and seedlings care. This study of chard seedlings showed that chard is highly adaptive culture considering to temperature variations during production, it requires no daily irrigation, and is worthy for the greenhouse production. These modest adaptability indicators of chard seedlings can be used as guidance in the further research of this high value culture.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)presadnica blitva zaštićeni prostor morfološka svojstva
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Notediplomski rad
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:151:351586
CommitterLjiljana Vučković Vizentaner