master's thesis
Ethological Characteristics of Horses in Controlled Conditions

Petar Mišanec (2014)
Metadata
TitleEtološke karakteristike konja u kontroliranim uvjetima
AuthorPetar Mišanec
Mentor(s)Mirjana Baban (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Ljudi od prvog susreta sa životinjama, sve do danas, proučavaju njihovo ponašanje. Kako se mijenjala priroda, ljudi i životinje, tako se promijenilo i ponašanje. Ipak, instinkti koji su značili život u divljini i snažna osjetila, ostali su do današnjih dana. Čovjek je domestikacijom konja smanjio njegov životni prostor. Onemogućio mu je prirodno kretanje i karakteristično ponašanje. Osjetila konja: vid, sluh, njuh, okus i dodir, odlično su razvijeni. Konji čuju jače i vide bolje od čovjeka i većine domaćih životinja. Pokretima svoga tijela konji komuniciraju s okolinom, tako će nam izraziti svoje osjećaje. Za svaki osjećaj je drugačija reakcija očiju, ušiju, vrata, glave, nogu, točnije cijelog tijela. Ljudi najčešće prilikom prvog susreta s konjima raspoloženje gledaju prema položaju ušiju. Uši su pomične za 180 stupnjeva. Kada su uspravne ili usmjerene prema naprijed, konj je koncentriran na neki zvuk. Kada su položene prema nazad, spreman je za napad. Spuštene i mlohave uši, znak su umora ili nezainteresiranosti. Konj je životinja krda i nije navikao da bude sam. Ako u blizini nema drugih konja, barem neka bude neka druga životinja, najčešće koza. Hijerarhija krda je strogo uređena i svako grlo zna svoje mjesto. Vođa ne mora nužno biti pastuh. Obično je snažna starija kobila predvodnik. Abnormalna ponašanja se javljaju uskraćivanjem osnovnih životnih potreba - hrane, vode i socijalnog kontakta. Konji vrlo često iz dosade ili tuge kreiraju anomalije koje ih opuštaju i smiruju.
Keywordsethology horses stable herd senses abnormal behavior
Parallel title (English)Ethological Characteristics of Horses in Controlled Conditions
Committee MembersPero Mijić
Boris Antunović
GranterSveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku
Poljoprivredni fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsZavod za Stočarstvo
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Animal Husbandry
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeZootechnique; specializations in: The Nutrition of Domestic Animals, Hunting and Beekeeping, Special Zootechnique
Study specializationSpecial Zootechnique
Academic title abbreviationmag. ing. agr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014-07-18
Parallel abstract (English)
People from the first time meet with the animals until now studying their behavior. How have the nature, people and animals, so it changed the behavior. However instincts that are meant life in the wild and strong senses remained to this day. The man's domestication of horses dropped his living space. Disable their natural movements and characteristic behavior. The senses horse: sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch, are excellent developed. Horses hear stronger and see better than a humans and most of the domestic animals. With movements of his body horses communicate to the environment. That is they way to express their feelings. For each sense different response eyes, ears, neck, head, foot, precisely entire body. People when first meet with horse look to position of his ears. Ears are removable to 180 degrees. When they are a vertical or focused forward horse is concentrated on a noise. When they laid back horse is ready to attack. Lowered and drooping ears are a sign of the fatigue or lack of interest. The horse is a herd animal and he was not accustomed to be alone. When close to him are not the horses, at least must be some other animal, most often a goat. The hierarchy of the herd is strictly regulated and every horse knows his place. Leader does not necessarily have to be a stud. Usually the older mares are strong leaders. Abnormal behaviors are denying of basic needs-food, water and social contact. The horses from bored or sorrow create anomalies that soothing and relaxes them.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)etologija konji staja krdo osjetila abnormalno ponašanje
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Notediplomski rad
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:151:745504
CommitterLjiljana Vučković Vizentaner