undergraduate thesis
ZOOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HORSES FAMILY (Equidae, Mammalia)

Anita Gavran (2016)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Faculty of agriculture
DEPARTMENT FOR HUNTING, FISHERY AND BEEKEEPING
Metadata
TitleZOOLOGIJSKA OBILJEŽJA PORODICE KONJA (Equidae, Mammalia)
AuthorAnita Gavran
Mentor(s)Siniša Ozimec (thesis advisor)
Abstract
U ovom radu obrađena je porodica konjaEquidae. Jedini živući rod je Equus. Podijeljen je u sedam vrsta, a to su: divlji konj, afrički divlji magarac, azijski magarac, kiang, grevijeva zebra, brdska zebra i stepska zebra Konji su općenito krupne životinje s relativno velikom glavom i dugim ekstremitetima. Veličina i težina variraju.Krzno im je gusto i najčešće kratko, a većina vrsta imaju na vratu, tjemenu i repu duže dlake (grivu). Boje krzna su različite i spadaju u pasminsko obilježje pa je npr. za primitvne pasmine karakteristična smeđa i siva boja, dok su zebre prepoznatljive po svojim prugama duž tijela.Osnovne tri boje su: alat, čija je osnovna boja žutoriđa kao rep i griva, vranac kod koje su krzno, griva i rep crne boje te dorat, čija je osnovna boja smeđeriđa, a griva, rep i noge mogu biti crne. Osim boje konji mogu imati različite oznake pa tako razlikujemo bijele oznake po glavi i nogama i crne oznake. Konji su poliestričneživotinje.Pripuštaju se većinom u proljeće jer je spolni žar tada najizraženiji. Gravidnost kod konja traje između 330 i 410 dana, najduže kod grevijevih zebri, a najkraće kod domaćeg konja. Obično oždrijebe jedno mladunče. Pripadnici porodice konja mogu se međusobno razmnožavati. Prosječni životni vijek konja iznosi 20 do 30 godina.po načinu hranidbe pripada biljojedima. Dnevno popije oko 40 litara vode. Najveći dio probave odvija se u crijevima. Zbog velike količine biljne hrane imaju veoma dugo crijevo. Želudac im je, za razliku od preživača, građen sa samo jednom komorom.Fermentacija hrane odvija se u vrlo velikom slijepom crijevu i dugom pravom debelom crijevu.
Keywordshorse Equus breeds color
Parallel title (English)ZOOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HORSES FAMILY (Equidae, Mammalia)
Committee MembersIvica Bošković (committee chairperson)
Tihomir Florijančić (committee member)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Faculty of agriculture
Lower level organizational unitsDEPARTMENT FOR HUNTING, FISHERY AND BEEKEEPING
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Animal Husbandry
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeAgriculture; specializations in: Agroeconomics, Plant production, Mechanization, Zootechnique, Horticulture
Study specializationZootechnique
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. ing. agr.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-19
Parallel abstract (English)
The theme of this thesis is the Equidae horse family. The only living genus is Equus. It is divided into seven species which are: the wild horse, Asiatic wild donkey, African donkey, kiang, grevy’s zebra, mountain zebra and plains zebra.Horses are generally large animals with a relatively large head and long extremities. The size and weight vary. Their coat is thick and commonly short, and most breeds have longer hair (a mane) on their neck, poll and tail.The colors of their coat vary and fall into breed characteristics, so brown and grey colors are considered traits of the primitive breeds, whereas zebras are recognizable for their stripes all along their bodies.The three basic colors are: chestnut, the basis of which is a yellowish-ginger color as in tail and mane, the black whose coat, mane and tail are black, and the bay, whose basic color is brownish-ginger, and the mane, tail and legs can be black.Apart from color, horses can have different characteristics so we differentiate between white markings on the head and legs and black markings. Horses are polyestrous animals. They commonly mate during spring due to the fact that their sexual grill is the most expressed.A horse’s pregnancy lasts between 330 and 410 days, the longest lasting one being that of the grévy's zebra, and the shortest one is that of the domesticated horse. They usually give birth to one foal. Members of the horse family can cross-breed. The common life expectancy of a horse is between 20 and 30 years. The horse is a herbivore. Daily, it drinks around 40 liters of water. The biggest part of their digestion occurs is the intestines. Because of the enormous quantity of plant-based food it consumes, the horses have very long intestines. Their stomach is, unlike the ruminants, built with only one chamber. Food fermentation takes place in the enormous appendix and the long colon.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)konj Equus pasmine boja
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Notezavršni rad
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:151:148357
CommitterLjiljana Vučković Vizentaner