master's thesis
Medicinal properties of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.)

Ante Devčić (2016)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Faculty of agriculture
DEPARTMENT FOR PLANT PRODUCTION
Metadata
TitleLjekovita svojstva komorača (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.)
AuthorAnte Devčić
Mentor(s)Tomislav Vinković (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Komorač (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) je ljekovita aromatična, višegodišnja, zeljasta biljka svrstana u porodicu štitarki Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). Predstavlja jednu od najstarijih poznatih ljekovitih biljaka, čije blagodati su u tradicionalnoj narodnoj medicini koristili Egipćani, Grci i Rimljani još u Antičko doba, pri prevenciji i liječenju raznih zdravstvenih tegoba i oboljenja, bilo u svježem stanju kao namirnicu ili osušenom za spravljanje čajeva. Po svom kemijskom sastavu predstavlja biljku bogatu ugljikohidratima, šećerima, masnim kiselinama, vitaminima A, C, kompleksom vitamina B, te mineralnim sastavom među kojima se ističu kalij, kalcij, magnezij, željezo, fosfor i cink. Suvremena farmakopeja priznaje kultivare Foeniculum vulgare ssp. capillaceum var. vulgare i Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce, zbog ugodnog slatkastog okusa ploda i povoljnog sadržaja trans- anetola, estragola i fenhona, koji su najzastupljenije sastavnice eteričnog ulja komorača. Posebnost ljekovitosti komorača očituje se u njegovom visokom ukupnom sadržaju fitotvari flavonoida, fenola, masnih kiselina i hlapljivih sastojaka, čija koncentracija je najviše izražena u eteričnim uljima i ekstraktima. Komorač je izvrstan diuretik, posjeduje antioksidativna, analgetska, protuupalna, hepatoprotektivna i antitumorska svojstva, te povoljno djeluje na rad gastro intestinalnog i dišnog sustava ljudi.
Keywordsfennel medicinal volatile substances essential oil
Parallel title (English)Medicinal properties of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.)
Committee MembersNada Parađiković (committee chairperson)
Vlatka Rozman (committee member)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Faculty of agriculture
Lower level organizational unitsDEPARTMENT FOR PLANT PRODUCTION
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Vegetable Growing
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeVegetable and Flower growing
Academic title abbreviationmag, ing. agr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-30
Parallel abstract (English)
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) is a medical aromatic, perennial, herbaceous plant classified in family of Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). It represents one of the oldest known medical plants. In people's medicine, fennel's benefits were used by Egyptians, Greeks and Romans even in Ancient time, in prevention and treatment of various medical problems and diseases, whether as a fresh grocery or dried for making tea. By its chemical characteristic it represents plant full of carbohydrates, sugar, fat acids, vitamin A, C, complex of vitamin B and mineral structure, where potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphor and zinc stand out. Modern pharmacopoeia acknowledges cultivars Foeniculum vulgare ssp. capillaceum var. vulgare and Foeniculum vulgare var. Dulce because of its pleasant and sweet flavour of fruit and its favourable substance trans- anethol, estragol and fenchon, which are most represented elements of fennel essential oils. Speciality of curative properties of fennel manifests in its high overall composition in phytosubstances such as flavonoids, phenols, fatty acids and volatile compounds, whose content is mostly expressed in essential oils and extracts. Fennel is an excellent diuretic, possesses antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and antitumor properties and it also favourably affects gastro intestinal and respiratory system functioning.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)komorač ljekovitost hlapljive tvari eterično ulje
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Notediplomski rad
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:151:709733
CommitterLjiljana Vučković Vizentaner